Towards a Theory of Injustice in Work

Liberal egalitarians have developed innovative criticisms of the role of work in capitalist societies. Their arguments often draw insights from non-liberal traditions, particularly from Aristotle, Marx, and neorepublicanism. This paper presents a friendly criticism of these liberal egalitarian arguments. I will argue that the applicability of liberal justice to work is dependent upon certain facts about a society. Following the distinctively liberal method of reasoning about justice, I argue that a theory of justice in work should be responsive to facts about a society’s pluralism and its capacities to realize justice through self-regulation.